FIBERS FOR SPINNING
Fibers used for spinning in America are listed below:
|FIBER TYPE & SOURCE||FABRIC / USE||CHARACTERISTICS|
|Hemp plant||hemp rope and sacks, some fabric||
|Silk (uncommon in America)||silk||
To prepare for the making of fabric, fibers are twisted to make yarn. The simplest method uses fibers held between the fingers which are spun on a drop spindle; this method was used through the 1700's. Spindle type wheels were introduced from the Orient to Europe in the middle ages.
The process shown below uses flax and a flyer-type spinning wheel.
|This spinning wheel is a flyer-type spinning wheel.||The spinster uses a foot pedal to move the flywheel. A string connected to the pedal pulls the flywheel on its circular path.|
|The fiber passed through a groove on the tip of the spindle which held it while the person spinning the fiber drew out the yarn.||Yarn was wound into loose skeins and measured using a variety of tools. After dying, the yarn was ready for weaving.|
|Planting & Harvesting - The Past||Flax Process||Spinning & Fibers||Planting Grain - Early Methods|
|Harvesting Grain - Early Methods||Oliver Evans||Transporting Grain in the Past||Early Farm Tools|